Ecosostenibilità, Arte, Antropologia e Filosofia

mille anni 4

GREEN CULTURE – The conception of nature as matter to be objectified by modern science or as an inanimate resource at our disposal is currently being disrupted by ecological, ethological, anthropological and philosophical research. Because of global warming, nature is simultaneously entering the political scene. Ironically, the urgent need to reassess our relationship to nature is surfacing at the very same time that we are losing its concept. The books addressed in this article combine art and theoretical thought. They function as explorations that both try to outline the kind of nature we are leaving behind and the possibilities we could be traveling towards. Along the way, we might also lose a certain type of humanhood: who are we becoming, and what is our place in this coming nature? All these questions are asked by these recent publications. Continue reading

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NON SIAMO MAI STATI MODERNI, OGGETTIVITÀ, ILLUSIONE E VERITÀ NELL’VISUAL ART. (ING. & FR.)

visual art Olafur Eliasson The Weather Project

We‘ve never been modern, objectivity, illusion and truth in visual art. It would be impossible to accurately assess, or even, at times, to follow the individual arguments made in all of the four books presented here, so widely do the authors draw upon the history of ideas, the history of institutions, the history of the visual arts and epistemology, in different places and periods from the dawn of the birth of art to the present. (review of 4 books on this subject) Continue reading

un’ottica infantile sulla guerra e sulla violenza in Come prima delle madri di Simona Vinci 1. (It. & Fr.)

Narrare la guerra non è più narrare una storia di eroi ma piuttosto narrare una storia di eroismo inutile. Come osserva Alberto Casadei a proposito del Partigiano Johnny di Fenoglio: «Ogni eroismo è ormai inutile, e il destino di tutti i partigiani, per quanto giusta possa essere la loro causa, è la morte». Non è un caso quindi che Simona Vinci apra il prologo del suo romanzo Come prima delle madri con il ritrovamento di un morto:

Disteso nel greto asciutto del fiume […] c’era un uomo. Un uomo disteso che dormiva. […] L’uomo non stava dormendo. Aveva il cranio fracassato. […] L’uomo non aveva più una faccia. […] Un uomo solo, senza faccia, con le mani disfatte e il corpo nudo. Continue reading

L’umanesimo occidentale contemporaneo: l’umano al centro del mondo.

Western humanism nowadays : “Man is the measure of all things”. Western, democratic and secular society, has for a long time forged a system of moral values being assumed universal and whose name is humanism. Humanism is an impulse, it is as much a part of our nature as our “humanity”. Who wants the good of humanity is humanist. Thus no one could oppose this declaration without being accused of immoral, fascist or worse: Continue reading

MULTICULTURALITÀ E/O UNIVERSALISMO (ING. &FR.)

Multiculturalism and universalism – As we all know by now, ‘culture’ has emerged in recent decades as the subject of intense and divisive political controversies at both the national and international level. The intensity and divisiveness of these controversies can be felt most acutely in a number of areas. These include: identity politics or the politics of cultural differences and recognition, multiculturalism, cross-cultural communication or more specifically, with the issue of cultural relativism vs. moral universalism, particularly as it is brought to bear on the debates and struggles about human rightsdemocracyhuman development, social and global justice –to mention only a few of the most contentious ones. Continue reading

L’universalismo rispettoso delle differenze culturali è raggiungibili?

Is universalism respectful of cultural differences attainable? It does not seem possible to ignore the need for normative justification (thus, moral theory) when we venture into the social and political critics arena. By their very nature, arguments that we must inevitably use in the moral sphere must be included in a wider theoretical framework in order to demonstrate that criticisms do not merely depend on circumstances, nor satisfy suspect ideological goals. Continue reading

I CONFINI DEL DIRITTO NELLA REALTÀ SOCIALE (ING. & FR.)

The bounds of law 1 – ‘Law’ is not omnipotent within the social field and everything happens, according to societies and times, in the infinite variety of inclusion and exclusion relationships with other normative systems. Next, the issue of the so called ‘science of Law’ appears in the current epistemological range that must combine with other sciences: this shows that Law does not have a position overlooking all other disciplines, but has relations of cooperation, competition and hostility, according to the disciplines and the moments, creating questionable bounds. The only possible posture might be that of a certain epistemology like Michel Foucault when trying to think of the emergence of human sciences in Western history. Continue reading