Teletrasporto quantistico (It., Ing., Fr.)

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Quantum teleportation, one possible application: create a pair of entangled photons and send one of them during a communication between two computers. If the message is read by a spy, the entangled particle will change, showing that the exchange was intercepted. That would be the best way to secure the transmission of an encryption key.   http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-teleportation-quantum-networking-city-hall-1.3770440

 

“Téléportation quantique, une application possible : créer une paire de photons intriqués et envoyer l’un d’eux lors d’une communication entre deux ordinateurs. Si le message est lu par un espion, la particule intriquée sera modifiée, prouvant que l’échange a été intercepté. Ce serait le meilleur moyen pour sécuriser la transmission d’une clé de cryptage. ”  http://www.futura-sciences.com/sciences/actualites/physique-teleportation-quantique-testee-pleine-ville-64464/

Una conseguenza di questo fenomeno è che quando si effettua una misurazione su una delle due particelle, il suo stato quantistico, fino a quel momento ignoto, “collassa” su un determinato valore; e fa collassare anche quello della particella correlata, in modo istantaneo, qualunque sia la distanza a cui si trova.  http://www.lescienze.it/news/2016/09/19/news/teletrasporto_quantistico_rete-3239324/

 

L’embrione, il clone e la scimmia (Ing. & Fr)

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Rachael, replicant in Blade Runer

I limiti dell’essere umano sono infatti oggetto di dibattiti a volte accesi, di decisioni politiche o giudiziarie spesso contestate, di battaglie morale e scientifiche, di riflessioni filosofiche ed di esperienze artistiche. //// Embryo, clone and ape- “The case of cloning is even more problematic, it brings debates that go far beyond the religious spheres. To a large degree, the human clone is a phantasm, it is fascinating or frightening. It is the phantasm of the human being technically reproduced, as an object; more than with the embryo in vitro, the denaturing is in fact obvious with the clone. Here again the Christian origins of the opposition are clear. The Order of Nature is implemented by God, and within this natural order, sexual reproduction, the perpetuation of human species by the union between two adults of the opposite sex or even the forwarding of the original Sin by this union, are necessary since the eviction of Adam and Eve from paradise. But if man starts to violate the order of nature and create himself his fellow men, he will not play God’s role, but that one of the Devil.” Continue reading

Chi era Alan Turing 1912-1954? (Ing. & Fr.)

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Alan Turing, L’inventore del computer condannato per omossessualità.

“We can only see at a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done.” Alan Turing

Who was Alan Turing? On August 19, 2014 something exceptional happened. Queen Elizabeth II of England finally granted a posthumous pardon to Alan Turing (1912-1954), convicted in 1952 for homosexual acts. As well, the royal decree of Queen Elizabeth II launched another process; in February 2015 the family of Turing asked for a posthumous pardon for the other almost 50,000 men convicted in Britain for their homosexuality, which was a crime in that country from 1885 to 1967. Alan Turing, thought that a computer could solve any problem —provided that the problem could be translated into mathematical expressions and then reduced to a string of logic operations with binary numbers, which fit only two decisions: true or false. The idea was to reduce everything (numbers, letters, pictures, sounds) to strings of ones and zeros and then use a recipe —a program,—to solve the problems in simple steps. The digital computer had been born, but for the moment it was still only an imaginary machine. After the Second World War, during which he helped crack the Enigma code used to encrypt the messages of the Nazis, Turing created one of the first modern-style computers, that in addition to being digital was also programmable; it could be used for many things just by changing the program.

 

Qui était Alan Turing ? Le 19 Août 2014, la reine Elizabeth II d’Angleterre a finalement accordé un pardon posthume à Alan Turing (1912-1954), condamné en 1952 pour des actes homosexuels. En outre, le décret royal de la reine Elizabeth II a initié un autre procès; en Février 2015, la famille de Turing a demandé un pardon posthume pour les autres – près de 50.000 hommes – condamnés en Grande-Bretagne pour leur homosexualité, qui était considéré comme un crime dans ce pays de 1885 à 1967. Alan Turing, pensait que l’ordinateur pouvait résoudre tous les problèmes si on les traduisait en expressions mathématiques au sein d’une chaîne d’opérations logiques avec des nombres binaires, qui correspondent à deux décisions: vrai ou faux. L’idée était de tout réduire (chiffres, lettres, images, sons) à des chaînes de uns et de zéros, puis d’utiliser une recette -un programme, – afin de résoudre les problèmes en quelques étapes simples. L’ordinateur numérique était né, mais demeurait pour le moment, encore, seulement une machine imaginaire. Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, au cours de laquelle il a contribué à déchiffrer le code Enigma utilisé pour les messages par les nazis, Turing a créé l’un des premiers ordinateurs, moderne numérique et programmable; on pouvait l’utiliser pour beaucoup de choses en changeant simplement de programme.

AI, lo spirito (Geist), scienze sociali e variabilità culturale. (ingl. e fr.)

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AI, spirit (Geist), social sciences and cultural variability. “… how can we build a historical machine? A machine that lay beyond the opposition between the cultural and the mechanical fields would allow us to conceive the mind as a device devoted to the generation of cultures, with all that that implies in terms of uncontrollable variability. (…)this paradox lying at the root of Artificial Intelligence, is how to construct machines that, far from being controlled and controllable, may open up new spaces of unpredictability, contingency, and history. Continue reading

L’IA ha fatto dei progressi notevolissimi

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AI made phenomenal progress day by day. 90% of the work of bankers and lawyers is as from now can be achieved through bots. And this is a brilliant opportunity to keep focusing on the added value of the human, the professional. All activities of offices are differently exposed, yet some are 100%: the drawing up of mortgages contracts, a large portion of family law, corporate law …
“A 19-year-old created a free robot lawyer that has beaten 160,000 parking tickets. The very first robot lawyer that was designed to challenge parking tickets has been wildly successful since it was launched last Fall.”

More details here : http://uk.businessinsider.com/joshua-browder-bot-overturns-160000-parking-tickets-2016-6?r=US&IR=T

here : http://futurism.com/artificially-intelligent-lawyer-ross-hired-first-official-law-firm/

 L ‘IA fait des progrès spectaculaires de jour en jour. Sans doute 90% du travail des banquiers et des avocats est dès à présent réalisable par des bots. Et c’est une chance formidable de pouvoir se concentrer sur la valeur ajoutée de l’humain professionnel. Toutes les activités ne sont pas exposées de la même façon, mais certaines le sont presque à 100%, comme la redaction de contrats d’hypothèques, une bonne part du droit de la famille, du droit des sociétés,….
« Le programme gratuit DoNotPay créé par un ado de 19 ans, proposant des services juridiques, a contesté plus de 160.000 amendes pour stationnement non-autorisé à Londres et à New York depuis l’automne dernier. »

détails ici : https://fr.sputniknews.com/international/201606301026301154-robot-avocat-elaboration/

IoT- EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) and the development of electronic market platforms

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IoT- EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) and the development of electronic market platforms - The diversity of contributors to performance is useful not only to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of IoT development, but also has very direct consequences on the selection of economic players and the way in which equipment decisions are made. Indeed the factors mentioned above create a favourable environment for businesses although they are not an automatic factor in adoption. To understand the conditions that favour dissemination of the IoT, it must be remembered that the investment choices made by organizations originate from structured decision-making processes.  The profitability of applications must be examined through a differentiation between initial equipment costs (the stepping up of the level of infrastructure and equipment) and current operations. The economic improvement of production processes does not always suffice to justify an investment decision, for it depends on how the initial equipment (chips and readers) is managed and written off. These upstream investments (reconfiguration of processes and R&D) are all the more important in this context because the Internet of Objects encompasses a large diversity of technologies and implies the competent management of a large range of tools and components – from chips and sensors to middleware. In addition, company expenditure on the IoT is not limited to the acquisition of the technical system (chips, readers, middleware) and the installation of the relevant infrastructure : experience shows that where information and communication technologies are concerned the hidden costs of implementation must not be overlooked.  Continue reading