Ripensare l’impatto di sorveglianza: la sicurezza nazionale, diritti umani, soggetività e obbedienza.

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Rethinking the Impact of Surveillance: National Security, Human Rights, Democracy, Subjectivity, and Obedience-“… for one suspect with hundred first degree relations, the NSA surveillance official or a subcontractor can, without any specific warrant, monitor the 2 669 556 potential third degree connections. According to the tremendous amount of thus gathered data, analysts don’t read the entire content but visualize the identified relations graphic focusing mainly on most important sections where specific nods of network appear. […[ some services ask other security services to take over some of their tasks and thus ‘work around’ the imposed confines of foreign intelligence developing a ‘private life shopping’ based on the exchange of their own citizen surveillance with other services considered as foreigners.” Continue reading

Giuridico inglese e competenze di communicazione (Ing. & Fr.)

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English for Legal Purposes Foreign language teaching at the university level has taken on importance and value over the last decade due to global competition between institutions of higher education. For this reason, language educators are faced with the challenge of looking for innovative teaching methods, which not only stimulate and motivate their students while encouraging language acquisition, but also add an intercultural dimension. The focus of this article is the implementation of video and film in a third year ELP (English for Legal Purposes) program and its evaluation. The theoretical foundation is principally based on the SLT (Situational Language Teaching) and Oral Approach, which has existed since the 1920s and 1930s when British applied linguists began developing the basis for a principles approach to methodology in language teaching (Richards & Rodgers 2001). Translated by myself

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Dignità, onore, gratitudine, rispetto, responsabilità e i diritti umani (Ing. & Fr.)

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Human dignity, honour, gratitude, respect, responsibility and human rights – “The first concept of human dignity consists in the distinction between the human beings, on an ontological level, and all other beings, differentiating mankind from animals. It is therefore clear that it is about mankind as a specie distinct or superior to other livings: the Hebrew Bible determines this specific position of human beings created ‘in the image and likeness of God’ (Genesis I, 26-27), and Stoic philosophy with wisdom: “for any research on obligation and responsibility, we must not lose sight of the superiority of mankind on animals.””  Continue reading

“Il virus della guerra è in noi, reso più aggressivo dalla paura, l’umiliazione e la rabbia. Le chiusere delle nazioni occidentali in loro privilegi e in una visione del mondo superato non possono che aggravare i mali.” Dominique de Villepin
“The war virus is within us, made more aggressive through fears, humiliations and anger. The Western nations’ tensions dependent on their privileges and the vision of an outdated world can only aggravate the ills.” Dominique de Villepin
“Le virus de la guerre est en nous, rendu plus agressif par les peurs, les humiliations et les colères. La crispation des Nations occidentales sur leurs privilèges et sur une vision du monde dépassée ne peut qu’aggraver les maux.” Dominique de Villepin

Giustizia riparativa e il sistema penale(Ing. & Fr.)

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Restorative justice and its innovative potential in the judicial system. – If the word ‘reformist’ is not used as a definition for the restorative movement, an abundant scientific production generated by experts and practitioners agrees to qualify it as a real new approach of criminal justice.[…] The characteristics of the judicial system would be therefore stigmatization and exclusion (given the importance of prison in the system of penalties) of an individual convicted of violation of the moral code of a society; consequently any one found guilty will be inflicted a pain (deprivation, coercion) proportionate to the gravity and the awareness of the act committed in order to deter and reform the offender and to protect the society. Restorative justice will assume an innovative function compared to the current penal system if it reaches the transformation of these characteristics.” 

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Etnologia, teoria del diritto e storia del diritto: la funzione sociale del diritto e del diritto consuetudinario. ‘Fr. & Ing.)

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Tikopia Island

Ethnology, legal theory and legal history: the social function of the law and customary law.  “The notion of customary law should primarily be defined according to its multiple ramifications and meanings. The word ‘custom’ and the word ‘customary law’ are lately often used with different or even opposed meanings. The customs, practices and usages of the trade under Civil Law, the customs in international law, the practices, habits of all kinds are highly diverse. Ultimately all this leads to the difficulty for the researcher to find his way into such a large body of diverse approaches and different definitions. […] Perhaps the greatness of historical jurisprudence lay in the fact that it provided its own seed of dissolution; for once it is admitted that law is historically conditioned, it is as impossible to limit the conception of law to a Volksgeist as to the commands of the sovereign; all forms of social control and all sources of law emerge as subjects for legitimate consideration and study.”

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La politica criminale in termini di immigrazione clandestina in Francia e Italia. (Ing. & Fr.)

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Limes of the Roman Empire in England

Criminal policy regarding illegal immigration in France and in Italy – “… the circulation of exclusion devices, transmitted by the European Legal Integration binding mechanisms, risks weakening the construction of a real ‘European Community’. Regarding the migrants issues, Europe that had promised an area of trade exchanges and prosperity, builds -based upon fear of the other- walls like the limes of the Roman Empire, evidences of its inability to think of other horizons, of another future.” Luca d’Ambrosio, Collège de France, Études juridiques comparatives et internationalisation du droit. Translated by myself.  Continue reading