Sistema di comunicazione per scambio di immagini (aiuto per la comunicazione per i bambini con disturbi dello spettro autistico (DSA) )Ing. & Fr.

Autism, language, communication, picture, remediation.

The communication conveys a message that passes through language. This does not mean that it cannot pass through other codes. Therefore, it would be unwise to say that people who do not share with us the commonly accepted codes do not communicate. This is the case with persons with autism who are not in the same relationship to the world as we are. Their language can be developed only from meaningful elements and solidified by pictures/words that will anchor them in the social contract. We will discuss here creating a transverse space from the codes developed by these children and the reception we are trying to develop, giving rise to a linguistic creation in order to optimize communication.

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THE IMPACT OF THE EXPERIENCE OF VIOLENCE (AS THE PERPETRATOR OR AS THE VICTIM) ON THE JUDGEMENTS REGARDING PUNISHMENT 2

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This article aims to show how the experience of violence, either as a perpetrator or victim, influences the perception of situations that involve aggression. The two experiments presented here compare the moral judgements of prisoners with those of people who have experienced verbal or physical aggression. The results of our first experiment allow us to confirm the indulgent attitudes of prisoners and the severe ones of victims. The second experiment shows the impact of professional context on the evaluation of the punishment that might be imposed upon an aggressor. Employees in the French rail system are very harsh in their judgements, while the caregivers in a psychiatric hospital are very lenient. This difference between the two types of employees is probably due to how the situations of aggression are characterized as well as to the meaning given to the experience of victimization. Continue reading

Human rights culture in prison management

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Adaptive processes of prisoners in various correctional centers 2 – The analysis of interviews was firstly based on the principle of an emergent categorization, revealing the particularities of the prisoners according to: the degree of alienation from the institution (cooperation/non-acceptance); the type of behaviors adopted with regard to others, whether they are passive (isolated in the cell, avoiding certain areas) or active (contraband, rackets, intense phyical training); or the type of carceral experience in other institutions (maison d’arrêt/maison centrale/centre de détention). Continue reading

Conflicts between penal and mediation logics

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Mediation isn’t always a true alternative to the judicial model, and the participation of volunteers or non-judicial professionals doesn’t necessarily ensure a change of logic. In fact, an analytic approach shows there are two models for this practice, which may overlap and be conflicting, especially within non-profit organizations torn between the need to be productive, which reinforces their institutional dependency and the desire to respect the ethics of mediation and of the mediator’s position. The first model, which we will call a judicial model, is implemented on justice system premises and marked by judicial logics. Mediators are usually jurists with no serious, specific training in mediation. The parties, designated as offender and victims, are summoned, the criminal case record is used to orient the discussion, the mediator, investigator-like, tries to determine who is right and who is wrong, and an agreement is generally reached after a single meeting, since the mediator is directive and suggests solutions. Continue reading