The Papacy in the Fourteenth Century and the installation in Avignon

Avignon 2

The opening words of the Bull Redemptor Noster, issued by the Pope John on April 1st 1318, presenting the missionary success on the far side of the world, did not deal with the idea of the papacy as an outdated universal monarchy concept. At the very least, John XXII made use of the opportunity to reaffirm the fullness of the “Vicar of the Christ” power, at the head of a militant church called to take up the entire world, onto its furthest parts. Continue reading

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