Sollevare lo sguardo verso l’invisibile. Immagini medievali (Ing. & Fr.)

Looking up towards the invisible

How can we doubt that images were in the Middle Ages much more than what we now banally call an image? The medieval world was gradually filled with material images of all kinds: some painted on the walls, others in the books – the miniatures were so called, not because they were relatively small, but because the minium was the base of their red color – on the windows of the churches, on the altarpieces and pictures of wood; others embroidered or woven (think of the Bayeux Tapestry, which is actually an embroidery) – or carved in bas-relief or high-relief in wood or stone, melted in bronze, silver or gold. Continue reading

Metodologia del Diritto Internazionale (Ing. e Fr.)

Methodology seeks to define the means of acquiring scientific knowledge. There is no generally accepted definition of the methodology of international law. In this article it will be taken to comprise both its wider meaning of the methods used in the acquisition of a scientific knowledge of the international legal system and its narrower and more specialized meaning, the methods used to determine the existence of norms or rules of international law. Continue reading

Ecosostenibilità, Arte, Antropologia e Filosofia

mille anni 4

GREEN CULTURE – The conception of nature as matter to be objectified by modern science or as an inanimate resource at our disposal is currently being disrupted by ecological, ethological, anthropological and philosophical research. Because of global warming, nature is simultaneously entering the political scene. Ironically, the urgent need to reassess our relationship to nature is surfacing at the very same time that we are losing its concept. The books addressed in this article combine art and theoretical thought. They function as explorations that both try to outline the kind of nature we are leaving behind and the possibilities we could be traveling towards. Along the way, we might also lose a certain type of humanhood: who are we becoming, and what is our place in this coming nature? All these questions are asked by these recent publications. Continue reading

NON SIAMO MAI STATI MODERNI, OGGETTIVITÀ, ILLUSIONE E VERITÀ NELL’VISUAL ART. (ING. & FR.)

visual art Olafur Eliasson The Weather Project

We‘ve never been modern, objectivity, illusion and truth in visual art. It would be impossible to accurately assess, or even, at times, to follow the individual arguments made in all of the four books presented here, so widely do the authors draw upon the history of ideas, the history of institutions, the history of the visual arts and epistemology, in different places and periods from the dawn of the birth of art to the present. (review of 4 books on this subject) Continue reading

L’universalismo rispettoso delle differenze culturali è raggiungibili?

Is universalism respectful of cultural differences attainable? It does not seem possible to ignore the need for normative justification (thus, moral theory) when we venture into the social and political critics arena. By their very nature, arguments that we must inevitably use in the moral sphere must be included in a wider theoretical framework in order to demonstrate that criticisms do not merely depend on circumstances, nor satisfy suspect ideological goals. Continue reading

I CONFINI DEL DIRITTO NELLA REALTÀ SOCIALE (ING. & FR.)

The bounds of law 1 – ‘Law’ is not omnipotent within the social field and everything happens, according to societies and times, in the infinite variety of inclusion and exclusion relationships with other normative systems. Next, the issue of the so called ‘science of Law’ appears in the current epistemological range that must combine with other sciences: this shows that Law does not have a position overlooking all other disciplines, but has relations of cooperation, competition and hostility, according to the disciplines and the moments, creating questionable bounds. The only possible posture might be that of a certain epistemology like Michel Foucault when trying to think of the emergence of human sciences in Western history. Continue reading

Identità tribale e mondializzazione (ing. & fr.)

Tribal identity and globalization

Characteristic of a necessary stage in the development of human societies in evolutionary thought, the tribe is, in “classical” anthropology, an operating model  of “stateless societies”. In its broadest sense, it appears as an instrument for classification and  hierarchisation of societies and cultures. Like the ethnic group, the tribe presents identity features shared by the populations concerned. Decolonization and postmodernist deconstruction of these two notions have very clearly called into question ethnic classifications, but much less clearly the use of the term “tribe”. Reflecting the persistence of this identity referent – vigorously reaffirmed in recent decades – in the representations of the populations of a part of Africa and the Middle East, where the tribe is a name sharing reality – a local categorization, the Arabic qabīla for example – and nominative – used to identify individuals and groups, these names are perpetuated in a secular way. Continue reading